This is a cartoon depiction of four important theorists involved in the Frankfurt School of Social Theory. (Clockwise from top right: Max Horkheimer, Theodor Adorno, Walter Benjamin, Felix Weil). Those affiliated with the Frankfurt School thought that some Marxist followers took too much of a narrow view on Marxist ideology. They believed some Marxist ideas could not explain aspects of contemporary capitalist societies. As a result, they theorized about ways to transcend ideas of capitalism and socialism to form a new hypothesis about how contemporary societies function.